Farfalle pasta; butterflies and bow ties.
The Italians make so many different types of pasta . Some have been around for centuries, others are modern inventions made possible by the use of machines to produce intricate shapes which can’t be made by hand. Many of the older pasta types are named after living things that the shape resembles. In the world of Italian pasta there are worms- vermicelli, snails- lumache, elephant eyes-occhi d’elefante and cockerel crests- le creste di gallo, to name a few! None of these sound very attractive, but one popular pasta shape which sounds nicer is farfalle-butterflies!
A little farfalle history!
Farfalle pasta is actually one of the oldest pasta shapes, having originated during the 16th century in Lombardy and Emilia-Romagna, where they are also known as ‘strichetti’. I have read that in Emilia, strichetti (today’s farfalle) were invented by housewives wanting to use up extra pasta dough left over from making filled cappelletti pasta. Apparently, once the filling ran out the women of the region used up the remaining dough by making farfalle. This habit became so popular that they would actually make extra dough so that there would be plenty leftover to make farfalle!
Different types of farfalle pasta.
This pasta comes in different sizes; small ones are called farfalline and larger ones farfallone. There is also a ridged version known as farfalle rigate.This shape also looks like a bow-tie and, in fact, this pasta is often called bow-tie pasta outside of Italy.
In addition to the plain and whole-wheat versions, farfalle are often made in different colours by adding other foods to the pasta dough. Green is produced using spinach, black using cuttle fish ink and red using beetroot . This pasta is often sold in 3 colour packets; red, white and green. This colour combination is known as ‘tricolore’ and appears in many Italian dishes, such as caprese salad. These are the colours of the Italian flag, so it seems Italians have a lot of patriotic dishes!
Farfalle pasta can be made by hand, as was the case in the past. It is usually made from small rectangular or oval pieces of rolled out pasta dough which have the two ends trimmed to have ruffled edges and are then pinched in the middle. If you want to make farfalle at home you can take a look at this video from Jamie Oliver. To make enough farfalle dough for 4 people you need.
400g durum wheat semolina flour, 1 pinch salt and 220ml water or as needed, at room temperature. Although some people use 4 eggs instead of water. The rule is 100g of flour person and 1 egg per person.
Italian recipes for farfalle pasta.
Farfalle are a very popular pasta shape, especially in Northern Italy. They are usually served with creamy sauces, in pasta salad, with seafood, with tomato sauce and sometimes with heavy meat sauces. Some typical recipes include farfalle cremasca from Lombardy, made with amaretti biscuits, butter and sage and farfalle with rocket and small calamari, also from Lombardy. In Emilia-Romagna, strichetti or farfalle are often served in a chicken broth, with Bolognese or a liver ragu.
One other condiment which is frequently served with farfalle pasta is salmon (smoked or fresh). I love the combination of farfalle pasta and smoked salmon, so that is the first recipe I have posted here on the Pasta Project blog, but like all the pasta types I have and will feature here, there will be more farfalle pasta recipes to come.