Spaghetti with baccalà alla ghiotta.
Having eaten it in Sicily, I had really wanted to make this typical Sicilian baccalà recipe called ‘alla ghiotta’ with pasta for a long time. I have now made it with homemade baccalà and store bought. Both times it was amazing! This spaghetti with salt cod was a big hit with my Sicilian hubby and baccalà fans are sure to love it too!
What is salt cod (baccalà)?
Salt cod known as baccalà in Italy, bacalao salado in Spain, bacalhau in Portuguese and bakalar in Croatia is dried cod fish. The process of drying cod dates back to the time of the Vikings. It’s a popular ingredient in Northern European, Mediterranean, West African, Caribbean and Brazilian cuisines.
I have long been fascinated by the fact that salted or salt cod is popular in many Mediterranean countries and has been for hundreds of years! This popularity is especially curious since these countries have their own fishing industries and catch fresh fish from their own seas. Whereas, cod is not really found in the Mediterranean!
A little baccalà history.
Drying and preservation only works with fish that have very little oil and fat. Cod fish, apparently, has very low levels of oil and most is in the gut. Drying and salting enabled people to transport the fish long distances.
Back in the 1500s, salt cod was popular on ships and became a staple part of sailors’ diets. Eventually it started to be sold and eaten by people on the land as well. This is because it was cheap and could be kept for very long periods of time.
Originally, most of the cod people used to make salt cod (baccalà) in Europe came from the Grand Banks off the coast of Newfoundland. However, since the populations of cod have declined there due to overfishing and other reasons, most salt cod now comes from Norway or Iceland.
Baccalà in Italy
In Italy, two types of dried cod are popular, salted and air-dried. Fresh or frozen cod fish is called merluzzo in Italian. However, salt cod is called baccalà and air-dried cod is called stoccafisso (stockfish). Stockfish is even older in origin than salt cod and was most probably invented by the Vikings and brought to Italy by the Normans.
Many Italian recipes for baccalà can also be made with stockfish and vice versa. However, stockfish is more popular in Northern Italy and baccalà more commonly used in Central Italy and the South.
Salt cod can be expensive.
Once cod was really abundant and salt cod was a popular staple in Mediterranean countries. Today, cod is less affordable and both baccalà and stockfish are quite expensive. They can cost anything between about 12 and 32 euros a kilo, depending on the quality and the source. I am not sure about Italy, but I know that in some places other types of white fish, such as pollock, haddock and whiting are marked and sold as baccalà!
Baccalà at Christmas.
Italians don’t have one typical Christmas dish. However, seafood is traditional throughout the country, especially on Christmas Eve. This is because 24th December has long been a day abstinence from meat. Although Italians don’t actually celebrate the feast of the 7 fishes like Italian-Americans, many families prepare a number of seafood dishes for the Christmas Eve table. Baccalà is almost always present at these meals, although it’s prepared in different ways from region to region.
Preparing baccalà and stockfish.
Preparing both stockfish and baccalà is normally quite a long process. First, you have to rinse the fish to remove the surface salt. Then, you need to soak it in fresh water for up to three days. During this time, the water has to be changed 2-3 times a day! Once re-hydrated the fish can be used for cooking.
If the quality of the baccalà or stockfish is good, then you can use it in many delicious dishes. Well-cooked baccalà or stockfish is not at all fishy in flavour. It should be slightly chewy and remain firm even when flaked.
Here in Veneto, stockfish, but also baccalà, is used to make a recipe called baccalà alla Vicentina. The fish is cooked in milk for up to 4 hours and served with polenta. In Livorno, they cook salt cod with tomatoes, garlic and basil.
In Naples, where legend says there are 365 ways to eat baccalà, they often serve it with tomato sauce flavoured with capers, olives and pine nuts. People in the Southern regions, such as Sicily and Puglia, often eat baccalà with pasta, like in this spaghetti with salt cod recipe.
Having eaten it in Sicily, I had been wanting to make this typical Sicilian baccalà recipe called ‘alla ghiotta’ with pasta for a long time. However, the first time I tried to make this spaghetti with salt cod recipe, I found the process of rehydrating the fish for 3 days rather unpleasant! I actually threw away an 18 euro piece of stockfish because it didn’t taste or smell right!
Then a chef friend of mine suggested I make my own baccalà! This actually turned out really well. It was also far easier to do than using ready salted or air-dried cod that needs rehydrating!
I bought a nice frozen Norwegian cod fillet, defrosted it, patted it dry and left it in the fridge covered in sea salt for 2 days. I then washed off the salt and let it soak for a couple of hours, changing the water every now and again. Finally, I cooked my spaghetti with salt cod alla ghiotta. The result was really really good!
The second time I made this dish I used vaccum packed ready to use baccalà that I bought at Lidl. It also turned out really delicious.
A 2 in 1 recipe.
You can use this spaghetti with salt cod recipe to make two dishes. In Sicily, it’s quite common to serve the sauce and a little of the fish with pasta. Then, eat the rest of the fish with potatoes as a main course.
Alternatively, you can make it without potatoes and use it only as a pasta sauce. Although preparation takes a couple of days (if making your own baccalà), it actually involves very little preparation. Plus, cooking times are short. I hope that if you like baccalà you will give it a try.
Let me know what you think.
If you make this salt cod pasta recipe I’d love to hear how it turns out and if you liked it. Please leave a comment here on the blog or on The Pasta Project Facebook page.
Looking forward to hearing from you!
Other seafood pasta recipes.
- Strozzapreti with swordfish
- Sicilian fresh tuna meatballs with pasta
- Sicilian pasta with sardines and wild fennel
- Pasta with bottarga, almonds and prawns
- Baked Smoked Salmon Pasta Rosettes
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Spaghetti with Baccalà (salt cod) alla ghiotta
- 600 g salt cod/ baccala (1.3lbs) prepared for cooking
- 400 g spaghetti (14oz) I used spaghetti alla chitarra but normal spaghetti is good too.
- 1 onion peeled
- 2 celery medium sized stalks
- 50 g green olives (2oz) destoned (I used taggiasche)
- 2 tbsp capers (I used salted)
- 400 g tomato passata (14oz) preferably rustica which is chunkier
- 10-12 cherry tomatoes cut in half
- 3 tbsp extra virgin olive oil.
- 4 potatoes peeled medium (optional)
- salt for pasta
- freshly ground black pepper. to taste
- Begin by putting the salted capers (if using) in a bowl, rinse them well to get rid of the salt.
- Chop the onion and celery into small pieces.
- Heat the olive oil in a frying pan or skillet. Add the onion, celery, olives and capers and cook until the onion becomes translucent.
- Add the cherry tomatoes, cut in half. and when they start to soften add the passata and simmer for 15 minutes.
- Cut the salt cod into medium sized pieces and add it to the sauce.
- Add pepper to taste.
- If you are going to use potatoes, peel them and cut them into pieces similar to the size of the fish. Add the potatoes to the sauce when you add the salt cod. Cover the pan, lower the heat and let everything cook together until the potatoes are cooked.
- .If you are not using potatoes then just cover the sauce and simmer for about 15 minutes. If the sauce becomes to dry you can add a bit of water.
- In the meantime cook the spaghetti al dente in boiling salted water according to the instructions on the packet. (don’t use a lot of salt because the fish and capers may still be salty)
- Transfer half the baccalà and the potatoes to a dish and cover. You can serve this as a main course or the next day as a separate meal.
- Drain the pasta and add it to the remaining sauce, mix together well. Sprinkle with chopped parsley and serve
This recipe was originally published in 2017 but has been updated.
The recipe looks simply delicious and easy with full of flavours. My kids are going to love it.
This looks like something straight of out Italy. I love all the flavors in this and it’s something I would totally love to try!
Andrea Howe says
What an interesting twist on spaghetti! This recipe sounds amazing and I can’t wait to try it. Thanks so much for sharing 🙂
We love spaghetti but never tried it this way. It sounds so delicious and looks very tempting. Pasta and seafood is marriage made in heaven! Must try this!
This was my first time trying salt cod and I was blown away by the flavor! I’m always looking to change up my spaghetti recipes and this one was perfect. Definitely will be making again!
I love spaghetti it have never eaten anything like this. It’s mind blowing delicious.
Gourmet Vegetarians says
Dreaming of being able to visit Siciliy! I’ve never had salted cod before so very interested in how this pasta tastes. Looks delicious!
Never tried spaghetti like this before. Always learn something new on your blog. Recipe looks great too. I will try this out
Anindya Sundar Basu says
I always come back to your site for the vast information that your site provides when it comes to Pasta. This one is a great post and I learnt so much about Baccala after reading your post.
Joanne Hyman says
Nonna used baccala purchased on the Monterey wharf in California. It soaked for three days in the outdoor kitchen. The water was changed a few times each day. She made a stew with tomato, leek and chard before adding the fish. She roasted it till tender. She served it with polenta but I would think it would be wonderful on pasta. She and Nonno were from Tuscany.
This actually might have been your most interesting post yet (which is saying a lot!) … I was so intrigued about the reasoning behind why a dried fish would become popular in a part of the world where gorgeous, fresh fish is so abundant. Also, super cool that you made your own! I don’t know if a dried product is available here in the U.S., but it sounds so easy to do this myself! Another terrific post – thank you for always teaching me something new!
Amy Liu Dong says
This recipe looks really good and tasty. I am pretty sure my family will love this as they love eating spaghetti so much. Thanks!
Special dishes for my perfect family. They to love such amazing meal. Looks yum
Such a nice post, very informative, and wonderful to read about the details of the recipe.Interesting to know how the salt cod has to be rinsed in water for three days to remove the salt. I usually love cod and the final recipe looks so delicious.
LaRena Fry says
Pasta and seafood are such a wonderful pairing. Sounds absolutely delicious!
This is my great Uncle’s favorite! He taught me to love it too – thanks for a lovely post and recipe.
I don’t typically associate cod with a red sauce, but I can see that I need to re-evaluate that – especially with capers, which I adore. And the addition of potatoes would make it extra hearty.